Parents tend to worry if our child lies, since we have been taught that he is bad and also society does not approve of it. However, the first thing we need to know is why the child is lying. Nothing frightens and annoys parents and educators more than the lie that children may tell. However, a child may lie not only to get what he wants, but also for many other reasons: imitation or social pressure, for example.
We must distinguish the lie from the fantasy. When the child is very young, we cannot speak lies, since the child does not distinguish well between his inner and outer world, his wishes or dreams and reality.
When the child fantasizes, he has no pretense of lying, he only believes what counts without distinguishing between the real and the fantastic. The child changes what he does not like: he talks to an imaginary friend if he feels lonely or to a deceased loved one if he misses him.
Lying in childhood is closely linked to symbolic or pretend play. Through these types of activities, she plays to imitate situations she sees or knows: to be a mother, to the shops, to war.
Until approximately four years of age, the child considers what he experiences, imagines or thinks to be true. As it grows, it is beginning to differentiate fantasy from reality. That is when the ability to lie appears. Although very imaginative children could continue to fantasize until later.
Lying in childhood occurs when there is premeditation and when you know that what you are telling is a mistake, that is, there must be an intention.
Children lie for many reasons but one of them is imitation, social pressure, to receive recognition, to look good, to avoid unpleasant consequences, to be convincing, because of shyness, because they have low self-esteem ...
The child learns that it is not okay to lie when he receives the reprimand of the people around him, however, if the child's environment is very strict and punishments are normal even when he is sincere, as a child he will persist in lying to avoid those punishments. Many adults think that children stop lying for fear of punishment, however, the reaction is the opposite, they affect lying more when it is punished excessively.
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