In week 12 of pregnancy, your baby is already moving inside you, is able to stretch and give small kicks. If it's you first pregnancy It is still too early for you to notice this tingling sensation that the baby produces at first, but there are women who in their second pregnancy notice from the end of the first trimester of pregnancy, around 12 weeks of pregnancy, the movements of the fetus, since they have experience in this regard and acknowledge the feeling.
During the first weeks of pregnancy it is normal for the pregnant woman to feel tired and sleepy during the day, try to rest when you feel fatigued and do not make great efforts. Your body is working at full capacity to help the baby grow.
You could have a blocked nose and feel congested, this feeling is normal during pregnancy, also the small nosebleeds. It is due to the increase in progesterone, this hormone causes a greater flow of blood in the skin and mucous membranes. There are saline solutions that you can apply through your nose that will help with this problem, but avoid decongestant medications if they have not been prescribed by your doctor.
Your breasts have increased in size since early pregnancy. Progesterone also intervenes in this case since it intervenes in the preparation that the breasts are undergoing to be able to feed the baby. You will notice that the areolas have darkened and you will have more tenderness in the chest. It will help you to change your bra, choose one that does not have underwires, preferably cotton and adapted to your new size.
It is not very normal that at this stage of pregnancy, and already in the twelfth week of pregnancy, you continue to have nausea and dizziness. Consult with your doctor so that he can prescribe some medication against vomiting and assess you in case you continue to lose weight.
Your baby is 10 weeks old, measures around 6.5 centimeters at the end of week 12 of pregnancy and weighs 18 grams. His face is practically formed and his appearance is almost that of a baby. He already has a nose, upper lip, eyelids, and ears. His hands and feet already have a hint of nails and the vocal cords have already developed. Its body begins to be covered with a very fine hair called lanugo.
It can open and close its mouth and in doing so swallows amniotic fluid which it then excretes through urine. The fetus may hiccupIt is still too early for you to notice it, but within a few weeks you could perceive those rhythmic movements that cause the baby's hiccups.
Your baby feeds through the placenta, through it it receives nutrients and oxygen. All the important organs have formed and are working, now they just have to grow. The brain continues its development.
They will do the ultrasound at week twelve of gestation, of great importance. The gynecologist will see through it the viability of the fetus, will listen to the heartbeat and will make the different measurements of the baby's body: head, abdomen and femur. This will allow you to know the approximate date of delivery. This ultrasound is essential because it determines the nuchal fold, which allows to determine if the baby could have Down syndrome.
This week they will also perform the triple screening test or genetic screening, it is a blood analysis that allows to detect defects in the fetus. This test is not conclusive, that is, its reliability is around 60%. Triple screening helps determine if an amniocentesis is necessary, which is the only way that exists today to have 100% confirmation of the baby's status. However, amniocentesis has certain risks of causing an abortion and it is the parents who ultimately decide whether to perform it or not.
Many pregnant women often have strange dreams or nightmares. Pregnancy causes some anxiety related to the well-being of the baby and this causes sleep disorders. It will help you eliminate tension by sharing your fears with family and friends.
You will wonder in week 12 of pregnancy, how many meals you have to eat per day. A good measure would be to take 5 small meals a day. As for the foods that you have to introduce into your diet daily:
- Carbohydrates: rice, pasta and cereals, better if they are whole
- Meat and fish, always cooked
- Fruit: between 2 and 4 pieces a day
- Vegetables and vegetables: always accompany your dishes with a salad
As for drinks, a daily habit in your diet should be to drink at least 2 liters of water a day. You can also drink fruit juices since the vitamins that they will provide will be beneficial for the development of the baby. Don't forget to add smoothies and milk to your diet.
In the drinks section you have to completely eliminate alcohol from your dietYou should know that everything you eat or drink passes to the fetus and alcoholic beverages can cause malformations in your baby. Also try to cut down on caffeinated drinks and avoid very carbonated sodas.
Your spine will undergo modifications throughout your pregnancy. The back moves forward and the pelvis is slightly dilated. Your body will bear an extra weight, each time heavier as your pregnancy progresses. To avoid back pain:
- Try to change your posture frequently
- If you have to pick up objects from the ground, do it with your back straight and bending your knees
- Do not transport objects that are heavy
- Exercise to strengthen the lumbar and back muscles.
Swimming is a great sport throughout pregnancy, it will help you stay in shape and release accumulated stress. In the water you will feel light and you can practice it until the last day as long as you have not expelled the mucous plug.
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